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A previous post highlighted a specific white-collar crime. Embezzlement, which is considered a theft crime, can carry with it serious penalties. Fraud is another type of white-collar crime, and it can come in many forms, occurring in a wide variety of situations. If you have been accused of fraud, it is important to take the matter seriously, determining your options when it comes to asserting a defense.

E-commerce fraud can occur in a wide variety of ways. And because the Internet is heavily relied on in society today, these types of frauds frequently occur and are constantly changing. However, it is important to note the seven most coming types of fraud, how they are defined and what consequences could result.

Identity theft is the most common type of fraud and entails stealing personal information and appropriating someone's identity. Credit cards are the most popular target to complete this crime. Another type of fraud is referred to friendly fraud. This occurs when a customer orders goods and pay for them; however, they claim their credit card was stolen, seeking a chargeback.

Clean fraud is another common type of fraud, and this involves using a stolen credit card to make purchases. Then the transactions are manipulated so fraud detection functions are circumvented. A fourth type of fraud is known as affiliate fraud. This involves collecting money from an affiliate program through manipulation of traffic or signup statistics. Triangulation fraud also tops the list, which is a type of fraud carried out via three points. First, there is a fake online store. Second, there is the use of stolen credit card data. Finally, there is the use of this stolen credit card information.

Merchant fraud is another common type of fraud. This occurs when goods are offered at a cheap price but are never shipped. The seventh and final type is international fraud. Due to an increase in international transactions, consumers are susceptible to this type of fraud. Additionally, it is challenging to prevent these types of fraud due to the lack of an integrated system that provides a view of transactions across all markets.

Fraud can cause much damage to victims as well as those accused of such a crime. Depending on the details of the crime, a fraud charge could result in hefty fines and incarceration. Therefore, it is important to consider the criminal defense options available, which could help reduce or even dismiss the charges against you.

Source:, "The seven types of e-commerce fraud explained," April 15, 2016

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